PVC - Advantages and Applications

PVC, or polyvinyl chloride, is a synthetic plastic polymer that is commonly used in a variety of applications, including construction, piping, and other industrial uses. It is known for its durability, versatility, and low cost, which make it a popular choice for many types of construction projects.

Although basically a plastic, PVC is on the better side, making it comparatively a more sustainable option than other materials.

Advantages Of Polyvinyl Chloride

1. Flexibility In Terms Of Usage

In the field of architecture and design, PVC is used for a wide range of purposes. In addition to it being popular as a piping material, PVC is also used in a variety of other construction applications.

  • Pipes
  • Fittings
  • Building facades
  • Building finishes
  • Window frames
  • Doors
  • Roofing membranes
  • Flooring, and other types of building components, due to its low cost and durability.

2. High Resistance

PVC is particularly popular for its use in piping systems due to its resistance to corrosion and durability. PVC pipes are also easy to install and maintain, making them a cost-effective choice for many types of construction projects. PVC is also used to make roofing membranes, flooring, and other types of building materials, due to its versatility and resistance to moisture.

3. Sustainable

One of the key advantages of PVC as a construction material is its low environmental impact. It is a synthetic material that is not derived from fossil fuels, and it can be recycled or repurposed after use. This makes it a more sustainable and environmentally friendly choice for many types of construction projects.

4. Low Cost And Versatile

Overall, PVC is a popular and versatile construction material that is used in a wide range of applications in the field of architecture and design. Its low cost, durability, and versatility make it an attractive choice for many types of construction projects.

5. Strength And Rigidity

For its weight, polyvinyl chloride is extremely rigid, stiff and strong. However, they are not built to withstand heavy loads.

6. Reusable

Since it is plastic, PVC can be reused and recycled by melting and re-molding. This makes it a sustainable option for building material choices.

However, this has its limitations. The remolded structure may not be as strong or capable as the original one.


1. Low Resistance To Heat

Although PVC has high physical strength, it loses it when exposed to heat or fire. 

2. Toxicity

PVC, at the basic level, is still plastic. This makes it toxic, especially when exposed to heat or fire, where it emits toxic fumes. This makes it a health hazard.

Applications Of PVC In The Architecture Field

Polyvinyl chloride has a variety of uses in the architecture and construction field. They can be molded into thousands of shapes and forms based on requirements.

1. Pipes

This is the most popular use for PVC. Almost every single building around the world has pipes made of PVC installed in it.

  • The pipe can be made of various sizes, diameters, lengths, thickness etc. based on what kind of purpose it is needed for.
  • PVC pipes are mostly used for plumbing works in buildings.

2. Doors And Window Components

These days PVC is also used to make openings like doors and windows.

  • The molding is easily done as per building requirements.
  • They can be customised based on size, shape, colour etc. making it popular.
  • It is also cost effective.

3. Roofing

PVC sheets are also popular roofing materials.

  • They are durable and last upto 20 years. 
  • They are able to handle a fair amount of load considering their weight.
  • They are economical alternatives to traditional methods.

4. Flooring

PVC flooring materials are thin and flexible sheets.

  • They are impermeable to water, protecting interiors.
  • They are economical and cost-effective.
  • They are durable and long-lasting
  • They come in a variety of colours, designs and sizes, making them perfect for classy interiors.

5. False Ceiling And Claddings

Polyvinyl chloride is also a popular material for false ceiling and claddings since they can be molded easily and be available in a variety of shapes and colours.

Enhancements Using Coatings

Coatings and finishes are applied to PVC components to improve its quality and durability just like any other material.

1. To Improve Chemical Resistance

PVC has excellent chemical resistance. But just like every other material, this one needs additional components to enhance its resistance. Additives and matting techniques are used to achieve this.

2. To Improve Heat Resistance

Since PVC is particularly weak to heat and fire, this enhancement is extremely important. The most efficient way to do this is by introducing ammonium octamolybdate. 

3. To Improve Water Resistance

PVC is mostly used in buildings as pipes for plumbing for its already amazing water-resisting nature. Due to this PVC hardly needs any additional coatings or additives to improve water resistance. There are enhanced hydrophobic versions of PVC available in markets. 

PVC, although plastic, is a good option when it comes to choosing materials for your designs. They are functional, economical and aesthetic.

PVC - Advantages and Applications